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History of the Census in Germany

Our timeline gives you an overview of former population censuses in Germany. Please click on the individual years on top to learn more about the respective census and selected results.

Population censuses in Germany

The 1910 Population Census


The last census before World War I was held on 1 December 1910. At the time, 64.9 million people lived in the German Empire, 60 percent of them in cities. This had still been different in 1875: at that time, the urban population accounted for only 39 percent. This shows that the population censuses also document the social change towards an industrialised society.

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